The journey from ‘me’ to ‘us’ is the story of learning servanthood.
We believe that the past decade of testimony from educators in our research and consulting work warrants respect for language that speaks of the best adults as those who emerge from the self-centredness of childhood into an adulthood that is focused on serving others. At the same time, we keep hearing that the best schools should and do shape their education according to this inherent norm of the development of a disposition towards servanthood. This is particularly important when we consider how we might best measure both the development of character and also the quality and consistency of an education for character.
We have formed a view that we need both realisation and replication of character if we are to have people on whom societies can depend for their future growth and flourishing. Societies need people whose character is formed by their education. We need to pursue a journey of inquiry in search of meaning and the discovery of truth and relevance: The Pathway to Excellence. The journey helps them to:
This is the basis of our ‘inside-out’ model of development, and has gone on to shape much of our thinking about how to frame character education, as we have already seen and will see subsequently in this report. At the same time, we have been informed by other ideas about the relationship between the individual and the group. The African concept of ‘ubuntu’ has a strong currency here in its insistence that “I am because we are”.
In the same way, the notion of ‘quest’ – the pursuit of an essential and honourable goal in a noble (and often perilous) adventure – has proven to have strong resonance among many educators. Our work with consulting schools led us to conceive of the development of character within a dynamic, evolving quest. The early model we developed can be seen below:
The Quest - A Conceptual Journey, 'From Me to Us' For Character Development
This early model of the journey ‘from me to we’ shows how we might resolve the tension between the evolving needs of the individual and the expectations of the group. It describes a narrative that moves us from ‘now’ to ‘then’, from ‘me’ to ‘us’, from the ‘inside’ to the ‘outside’, and from the ‘heart’ to the ‘head’. This is a conceptual journey from the development of identity in the interior world of students – their personal, secret, intimate and private lives – to their commitment to their exterior world of family, social, public, and political life and identity as adults.
The linearity of the model is perhaps more about overall trajectory. There would be few (if any) people who do not oscillate between these two worlds constantly. However, the model of the quest asks us to take on a worldview that contemplates the expression of character as the suborning of individual whim and pleasure to the discovery of answers that solve the needs of others and the satisfaction that comes from this.
In a similar fashion, we developed initially a parallel three-question inside-out process of development, shown below. It describes the conceptual journey of the character development of students in our schools. To this model, we have added subsequently a fourth question regarding vocation. For present purposes, we will confine our discussion to the first three questions.
An Inside-Out Model of Character Development
Let us now think through what this inside-out model means in terms of the values and implications for how great 21C schools might be established, operate, and serve the societies in which they are situated.
THE INSIDE-OUT MODEL IN PRACTICE:
Who are we?
The inside-out journey of an education for good character begins with identifying and understanding an initial tranche of key learning values – those fundamental beliefs, principles, standards and qualities which we consider to be most worthwhile and desirable to help us to address the question of how students might best become equipped to be who they need to be. This can be seen in the challenge of hope and the formation of our students informed by learning values that equip:
Where do we fit in?
The inside-out journey continues with identifying and understanding what we value most when we think about the question of how our schools might be empowered to provide the education that is most relevant in bringing about the desired formation of our students. This can be seen in the challenge of relevance and the formation of schools through learning values that empower:
How can we best serve others?
The third stage of the inside-out journey moves on to identifying and understanding what we value most when we think about the question of how our educational communities might best contribute to the societies which they serve. This can be seen in the challenge of service and the formation of the societies through learning values that enable: